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About 23,000 ER Visits/Year for Supplement-Linked Side Effects

Posted on Sat, Oct 17, 2015
About 23,000 ER Visits/Year for Supplement-Linked Side Effects

Visits often involve adults aged 20 to 34 years and unsupervised children

Every year about 23,000 U.S. emergency department visits involve adverse events related to dietary supplements, according to a special article published online Oct. 14 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Andrew I. Geller, M.D., from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues used nationally representative surveillance data from 63 emergency departments (2004-2013) to describe visits attributed to dietary-supplement-related adverse events.

Based on 3,667 cases, the researchers estimated that there were 23,005 emergency department visits per year attributable to dietary-supplement-related adverse events, which resulted in an estimated 2,154 hospitalizations per year. The visits often involved adults aged 20 to 34 years and unsupervised children (28 and 21.2 percent of visits, respectively). After excluding unsupervised ingestion of dietary supplements by children, 65.9 and 31.8 percent of visits for single-supplement-related adverse events involved herbal or complementary nutritional products and micronutrients, respectively. Weight-loss and increased-energy nutritional products were often implicated (25.5 and 10 percent, respectively), and these caused 71.8 percent of supplement-related adverse events involving cardiovascular manifestations. Fifty-eight percent of cases involving weight-loss and energy products occurred in young adults. Choking or pill-induced dysphagia or globus accounted for 37.6 percent of all visits for supplement-related adverse events in adults aged 65 years or older.

"An estimated 23,000 emergency department visits in the United States every year are attributed to adverse events related to dietary supplements," the authors write.

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